Individuals and Institutions in Medieval Scholasticism

Edited by Antonia Fitzpatrick and John Sabapathy
31 July 2020
156 × 234 mm
282 pp
Formats:
Hardback: 978-1-912702-26-8
Paperback: 978-1-912702-27-5
PDF: 978-1-912702-30-5

This volume explores the relationship between individuals and institutions in scholastic thought and practice across the twelfth and fifteenth centuries, setting an agenda for future debates. Written by leading European experts from numerous fields, this theoretically sophisticated collection analyses a wide range of intellectual practices and disciplines. Avoiding narrow approaches to scholasticism, the book addresses ethics, history, heresy, law, inquisition, metaphysics, pastoral care, poetry, religious orders, saints’ cults and theology. A substantial introduction establishes an accessible historiographical context for the volume’s agenda, and a final afterword examines implications for future research.

The history of individuals and institutions in scholasticism has often been unhelpfully treated either as a simple intellectual genealogy of schools and doctrines, or a constitutional history of particular organizational forms. This volume advances our understanding by reconsidering these fields as a whole and addressing two large questions. What was the relationship between particular intellectuals and their wider networks? How did individuals alter their institutions, and how did those institutions shape their individuality?

This volume is of major importance to intellectual, religious and cultural historians as well as historians of knowledge and science. It will engage those working on individuals and institutions in the middle ages as well as in other periods.

Introduction: individuals and institutions in medieval scholasticism
Antonia Fitzpatrick and John Sabapathy

I. Individuals and intellectual traditions: construction and criticism

1. The fathers of scholasticism: authorities as totems
Blaise Dufal

2. The unicity of substantial form in the Correctoria corruptorii fratris Thomae of Richard Knapwell, Robert Orford and John of Paris
Antonia Fitzpatrick

3. Italian universities, arts masters and interpreting Pomponazzi’s De immortalitate animae
John Marenbon

4. Individual and institution in scholastic historiography: Nicholas Trevet
Matthew Kempshall

II. Institutions and individuals: organizations and social practices

a. Individuals and organizations

5. The charismatic leader and the vita religiosa: some observations about an apparent contradiction between individual and institution
Gert Melville

6. An institution made of individuals: Peter John Olivi and Angelo Clareno on the Franciscan experience
Sylvain Piron

7. Rolando of Cremona and the earliest inquisition depositions of Languedoc
Peter Biller

b. Individuals and practices

8. Robert of Courson’s systematic thinking about early thirteenth-century institutions
John Sabapathy

9. ‘Better to let scandal arise than to relinquish the truth’: the cases of conscience of the masters of Paris in the thirteenth century
Emily Corran

10. Of parish priests and hermaphrodites: Robert Holcot’s discussion of Omnis utriusque sexus
Cornelia Linde

11. The cult of the marriage of Joseph and Mary: the shaping of doctrinal novelty in Jean Gerson’s Josephina (1414–17)
Isabel Iribarren

Afterword
David d’Avray